In the previous post, we covered several elements that your label for foods must contain. This is Part 2 of that article on food labelling, where we will cover a few more elements that your food labels must include.
All prepackaged foods must have a list of all the ingredients included in the food item. There are certain foods that are not required to have the ingredient list:
- Prepackaged foods packed from bulk at the retail location
- Prepackaged meals or snacks served by airlines, restaurants, and similar hospitality services
- Prepackaged foods served in mobile canteens or by vending machines
- Prepackaged meats that are cooked at the retail premises
- Standardized alcoholic beverages and vinegars
It is recommended that the ingredients are listed in descending order of the proportion amount by weight.
Common Name of Ingredients
An ingredient can have multiple names, so which one should you list? You are required to mention the common name.
Specific ingredients have mandatory common names. For example, for plant ingredients, there is the chemical composition of hydrolyzed plant proteins. Specific food ingredients must be listed as collective class names such as vegetable oil, artificial flavour or sodium phosphate.
The Canada Food Inspection Agency has a list of ingredients and how they must be declared.
Food Allergens, Gluten and Added Sulphites
Food allergens, gluten and added sulphites over 10 ppm must be declared along with the ingredients. This is required regardless of what generation of ingredients the food allergens, gluten and added sulphites are.
Processing aids are substances that have a technical effect on the food processing without affecting the characteristics of the food. A common misconception is that food additives are processing aids – they are not. Phospholipase A2, fungal a-amylase and hemicellulase are some common processing aids.
Nutrition Facts Table
The nutrition facts table provides information on the energy (calories) and other nutrients in the prepackaged food product. There is a set format that nutrition facts table must appear in. The Canada Food Inspection Agency has detailed information on the template of the nutrition facts table.
Durable Life Date
The durable life date is the anticipated date till when an unopened food product will retain its freshness, taste and nutritional value from the time of its manufacture and packing. The durable life date is also known as the best-before date.
There are certain foods that are exempted from durable life date:
- Prepackaged fresh fruits and vegetables
- Prepackaged foods served by hospitality services as meals or snacks
- Prepackaged foods sold at vending machines
- Prepackaged donuts
Any meat, fish or poultry that has been previously frozen should have it mentioned on the food label.
Together with ‘Part I: What information must your Food Label Contain’, this article covers the most basic and important elements that a food label must contain. For more in-depth information, consult the Canadian Food Inspection Agency web site’s Labelling section. At Jet Label, we understand all the crucial elements a food label must have – not just for the law, but for your consumers too! Let our team of experts help you with your food labels by giving us a call today.
Image Source: freeimages.com